• Exploring job satisfaction among pharmacy professionals in the Arab world: a multi-country study .
    on مايو 9, 2022 at 12:00 ص

    Exploring job satisfaction among pharmacy professionals in the Arab world: a multi-country study . Bukhatwa, Salma; Azeez Al-Jumaili, Ali; Sherbeny, Fatimah; Elhiny, Rehab; Hijazi, Bushra; Elbarbry, Fawzy; Rahal, Mohamad; Khdour, Maher; Thomas, Dixon; Sherief, Khalifa; Hamad, Anas Abstract Objectives: The study objectives were to (1) describe the characteristics of the pharmacy professionals and (2) explore the association between job satisfaction and factors, such as work control, work stress, workload and organization and professional commitments. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional design. The survey items were mainly adapted from the US National Pharmacist Workforce Survey. An electronic (Qualtrics) questionnaire was posted on pharmacist social media in several Arab countries. The survey link was posted from 22 March 2021 to 1 May 2021. The multiple linear regression measured the association between 12 independent variables and pharmacist job satisfaction. Key findings: A total of 2137 usable surveys were received from pharmacists (54.7% female) working in 18 Arabic countries. The job satisfaction rate varied among countries in the Arab world. The fields with the highest satisfaction average included pharmaceutical marketing, academia and the pharmaceutical industry. At the same time, pharmacists working in community pharmacy and Ministry of Health/administrative positions had the lowest satisfaction rates. Overall, pharmacist satisfaction was average (3.1 out of 5). The pharmacists had the lowest satisfaction averages with income and job expectations. The pharmacists with bachelor's degrees had significantly lower satisfaction than pharmacists with postgraduate degrees. Male pharmacists had significantly higher job satisfaction compared with female pharmacists. Workload and the feelings of organization and professional commitments had significant positive associations with job satisfaction. Conclusions: The pharmacy profession in Arabic countries faced several challenges that negatively impacted job satisfaction. Improving work environment, professional management, income and organization loyalty is necessary to enhance pharmacist job satisfaction. Keywords: Arab world; pharmacist satisfaction; work control; work stress; workforce; workload.

  • Effect of lipid lowering agents on lipid profile, blood glucose and Glycated hemoglobin in DM patients
    on يناير 19, 2022 at 12:00 ص

    Effect of lipid lowering agents on lipid profile, blood glucose and Glycated hemoglobin in DM patients Thabet Elzway, Mohammed; Almalky, MennatAlla; Elmabsout, Ali Ateia; Mansour, Reima; Mohamed, Iman Elmahdi; Bukhatwa, Salma Background: lipid lowering agentsare the cornerstone of primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. As diabetes is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and most patients with diabetes would benefit from statin therapy. The aim of the present study was to study the effect of lipid lowering agent on blood glucose, HbA1C and lipid profile among diabetic patients. Methodology:Case control study was conducted in diabetic center at Benghazi city consists of 164 participants with diabetic dyslipidemia, 60 dyslipidemic non-diabetic and 37 healthy control were age and sex matching recruited from diabetic center, cardiac center and volunteers. Data collected was done by using self-constructed questionnaire and analyzed by using mean ± SD and T test was used for statistical differences at α

  • Clinico-Pathological Parameter in Thyroid Carcinoma Subtypes
    on ديسمبر 30, 2021 at 12:00 ص

    Clinico-Pathological Parameter in Thyroid Carcinoma Subtypes Elhashani, Abdelmalek; Nazih Shahbaz, , Jeilan; Abdulrhman Shaqami, Sara; Burgeia, Arwa; M Garalla, Hanan Background: Thyroid carcinomas have a diversity of histologic subtypes and variants. However, the relation between tumor architecture and prognosis are still lacking in spite of thorough investigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of subclassification, focusing on subtypes and variants, and to determine its relation to different clinicopathological features in patients with thyroid cancer. Method: This retrospective study of a total number of 184 patients with thyroid cancer cases diagnosed in the time period from 2003 until 2020 in the archive of the pathology department of the faculty of medicine, University of Benghazi with the medical reports from the oncology department in Benghazi Medical Center. Subsequently, correlations between age, sex, grading and the tumour stag were investigated. Results: A total of 184 samples were analysed. Among all studied cases, females formed 76.1% with a female to male ratio of 7: 2. The age of the studied cases ranged between 14-95 years old. The mean age of patients with thyroid malignancy was 40.5 years old. The percentage of patients ?40 years was 51%, while patients

  • Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on health related quality of life in Libyan patients with hypertension
    on أكتوبر 11, 2021 at 12:00 ص

    Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on health related quality of life in Libyan patients with hypertension Habib, Hana A.; . Alshami, Hiba A; Boamoud, Esraa S.; Tashani, Haneen A.; Shalgami, Salsabil G. Hypertension is a public health issue that significantly increases the risk of health problems and decreases health quality of life of the patients. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are used to control hypertension by preventing production of angiotensin II in turn decrease blood pressure, thus it may enhance the quality of life. This study aims to assess the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on the quality of life of patients with hypertensive aging 40 years or older in Benghazi city in comparison with other classes of hypertension medications. A case control observational study was conducted, adopting the structured face-to-face interviewing survey technique. Over 150 patients who visited Benghazi medical center during the study period (November, 2019 to March, 2020), to follow up their chronic disease. The investigators used a pre-validated, pre-piloted questionnaire that has been adopted from SF 36 and modified according to the updated literature review; responses to each question were coded and analyzed. The results display that antihypertensive medications were found to be significantly related to the limitation on the physical activity domain and found that medications decrease the limitation on the activity with about 20% of the patients who taking angiotensin receptor blockers (20%) and 30% of the patients taking angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, 40% of the patients had no limitations on bending kneeling and stooping. Moreover, on the limitations on walking more than one kilometre, the results were about 15% of the patients taking angiotensin receptor blockers and 30% of the patients taking angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors had a slightly or no limitation on walking more than a kilometre. Thus, the findings indicate that antihypertensive medications have a positive effect on quality of life of the patient in limitation on activity domain but no conclusive difference was found between angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers medications.