• Antibiotics Consumption in the Eastern Region of Libya
    on April 16, 2019 at 12:00 am

    Antibiotics Consumption in the Eastern Region of Libya Bukhatwa, Salma; Khalifa, Afia; alfakhri, Mustafa Drug utilization studies conducted in Libya during the period 1991-2013, have pointed out the irrational use of antibiotics as a common practice that costs the health system more than 7.7 million Libyan Dinars / year. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of antimicrobial consumption in the Eastern region of Libya during 2012 – 2013. […]

  • Prevalence of vitamin d deficiency among overweight and obese Libyan females
    on November 27, 2017 at 12:00 am

    Prevalence of vitamin d deficiency among overweight and obese Libyan females Helal, Fatima; Faraj, Amira; Kablan, Narges; Elfakhri, Mustafa; Bukhatwa, Salma Globally, overweight and obesity are the fifth leading contributors to fatalities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), overweight is defined as a body Mass Index (BMI)≥25, whereas obesity is a BMI≥30. There is growing evidence that obesity and vitamin D deficiency are related, although the cause-effect relationship remains unclear. Objective of this work was to find out whether obesity alters vitamin D level in obese adult females in the Eastern region of Libya. One hundred and twenty Libyan females visited nutrition clinics both in Benghazi and Tobruk were interviewed during September 2015 with the aid of a structured questionnaire. Tested individuals were subjected to thorough clinical investigations and biochemical measurement of vitamin D, calcium, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), Complete Blood Count (CBC), creatinine, Na+, K+, urea and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) levels that were carried out on the collected serum. Data was analyzed using excel and presented as the mean ± SEM (n). The mean age of study sample was 30.93±1.05 y (118). Adult obese Libyan females represented 63.33%, adult overweight Libyan females represented 25.83%, adult healthy Libyan females represented 3.33% and children (Libyan females […]

    on July 29, 2017 at 12:00 am

    INTEGRATING PHARMACY PRACTICE INTO FIRST YEAR PHARMD CURRICULUM Salma, Bukhatwa; Iman, Elmahdi,; Elzahra, Buzariba,; Hwuida, Maghoud,; Nairouz, Alathram; Asma, Buanz,; Hana, A. Habib; Maryam, Saleh; Amna, Bugrain; Najwa, Mohamed,; Ruwida, Sinini; El Naili, Esra; Nazik, Ali; Abdalla, Elmugassabi; Tamer, Elfaidy,; Samah, Eltyb; Mohamed, Baraka; Moustafa, Mohamed; Ibrahim, Labouta,; Adel, Al-Tawaty; Mustafa ., M. Elfakhri; Mohamed, S. Ambarak, Since 2007, Pharmacy Practice has been included in the Libyan International Medical University (LIMU) curriculum for 4th Year Pharmacy students. In 2016, with LIMU transition to its first professional Pharmacy degree; Doctor of Pharmacy, curricular and program changes are underway [1-3]. Consequently, Pharmacy Practice curriculum was integrated into the first year PharmD Block II Problem-Based Learning (PBL) curriculum, noting that compounded formulations, e.g. syrups, elixirs, suspensions and emulsions have been integrated into another Block in the curriculum. […]

  • Higher education in Libya: Challenges and future plans
    on June 30, 2016 at 12:00 am

    Higher education in Libya: Challenges and future plans Mustafa M., El-Fakhri; Salma A., Bukhatwa Educational institutions are the principle pillars for establishment of sustainable human development which leads to community progress. Therefore, it is essentially important to develop their infrastructure, programs, and financial resources and assure the quality of their outcome to effectively respond and fulfill community needs. Internal challenges of the higher educational system in Libya that affecting its own performance are presented in this paper, even though this does not under estimate the effect of other external threats, but they just remain beyond the scope of this paper. These challenges include; lack of a national strategic plan, poor primary and secondary school output, excessive students’ admission, structural problems, poor infrastructure, administrative and legal problems, poor academic staff performance, outdated curricula and teaching methods, poor financial resources, poor research and postgraduate programs. Inevitably, the first step in treatment of such situation is to adopt a national strategy for higher education to know where we stand and to decide where to go and how to reach there. This of course in addition to linking educational programs to local, national and international market needs and promoting investment in education. […]