• Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    on October 24, 2015 at 12:00 am

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Safaa, Omar Abbas; Heba, Farag Zainoba Obsesse compulsive disorder (OCD), one of the anxiety disorders, is a potentially disabling condivition that can persist throughout a person's life. The individual who suffers from OCD becomes trapped in a pattern of repetitive thoughts and fears (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that are senseless and distressing but extremely difficult to overcome. OCD occurs in a spectrum from mild to severe, but if severe and left untreated, can destroy a person's capacity to function at work, at school or even in the home...... (OCD) is a serious anxiety-related condition where a person experiences frequent intrusive and unwelcomed obsessional thoughts, often followed by repetitive compulsions, impulses or urges. The illness affects as many as 12 in every 1000 people (1.2% of the population) from young children to adults, regardless of gender or social or cultural background. In fact, it can be so debilitating and disabling that (WHO) has actually ranked OCD in the top ten of the most disabling illnesses of any kind, in terms of lost earnings and diminished quality of life. […]

  • Vitamin D Insufficiency Among Obese Adults In The Eastern Region Of Libya
    on October 24, 2015 at 12:00 am

    Vitamin D Insufficiency Among Obese Adults In The Eastern Region Of Libya Fatima, Mohammed Helal; Amira, Faraj Gebril Alabas Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Globally, overweight and obesity are the fifth leading contributors to fatalities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 is overweight, and BMI ≥ 30 is obesity. Vitamin D (calciferol), which comprises a group of fat soluble seco-sterols that are found in very few foods naturally, is photosynthesized from cholesterol in the skin of vertebrates by the action of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. The two major physiologically relevant ones are vitamin D2 and vitamin D3. There is a growing evidence that obesity and vitamin D deficiency are related, although the cause-effect relationship remains unclear. Objective of this work was to find out whether obesity alters vitamin D level in obese adults in the Eastern region of Libya. Globally, overweight and obesity are the fifth leading contributors to fatalities. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Generally, Overweight is having more body fat than is optimally healthy. Being overweight is common especially where food supplies are plentiful and lifestyles are sedentary, while obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. […]

  • Health Status of Diabetic Patients in the Eastern Region of Libya
    on October 22, 2015 at 12:00 am

    Health Status of Diabetic Patients in the Eastern Region of Libya Maree, Eldokally; Alia, Elmugrahi Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by abnormal insulin function or insulin deficiency, which results in elevated blood sugars. DM is a significant and growing health problem worldwide. Hence it is essential to understand the epidemiology for appropriate interventions. The main objective of this study was to examine the profile of diabetic patients in the Eastern region of Libya. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is real medical problem that affects the world as a whole and Libya in particular. Generally the world health organization (WHO) has projected that over the period of next 25 years globally the number of patients suffering from DM will be doubled or more and devolving countries will bear most of the sufferers.1 The rate of diabetic patients with major complications are increased such as stroke, hypertension, amputation, nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, cardiovascular, impotence, and skin lesion.2 However, in the eastern Mediterranean, the essential health care and facilities for self-care are often inadequate, also the deficient in basic education services and knowledge on diabetes as well as its prevention, management and treatment to people with diabetes and their families which lead to serious impediment to the provision of minimum standard of health care.3 The causes of DM is multi-factorial, which include genetic, physical inactivity, drug toxic agents, obesity, viral infection and location.4 […]

  • RATIONAL ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY IN THE EASTERN REGION OF LIBYA
    on June 15, 2015 at 12:00 am

    RATIONAL ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY IN THE EASTERN REGION OF LIBYA Afia, A. Khalifa Drug utilization studies conducted in Libya during the period 1991-2013, have pointed out the irrational use of antibiotics as a common practice that costs the health system more than 7.7 million Libyan Dinars / year. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of antimicrobial consumption in the Eastern region of Libya during 2012 – 2013. Medicines or drugs are substances or preparations which are intended for administration to human beings or animals in order to prevent, diagnose, alleviate or cure diseases and pathological symptoms, or to act on body functions.The terms Drug Utilization Research (DUR), Drug Consumption Study, Drug Utilization Study (DUS), Drug Utilization Review, Drug Usage Review, and Drug Use Evaluation are one more or less synonymous. The World Health Organization (WHO) has continued to use the term Drug Utilization Research (DUR) that is defined as follow: "The marketing, distribution, prescription and use of drug in society, with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social and economic consequences […]